All and every

All and every

Consider these sentences:

  • Every book (cada libro) on the table is the same.
  • All the books (todos los libros) on the table are the same.

“Every” is singular. In English we use every + a noun (sustantivo) in the singular. “All” needs the plural verb, unless it refers to an uncountable noun. Look at these examples:

  • Every Cambridge Advanced student (cada estudiante aprobó) passed the exam.
  • Every one of you should pass the First Certificate exam (todos y cada uno de ustedes debieran aprobar el examen de First Certificate).
  • All the students passed the PET exam (todos los estudiantes aprobaron…).
  • Rajoy comes to Tenerife every month (…viene a Tenerife todos los meses). If you were to say “Mr. Rajoy comes to Tenerife all months” you have made a mistake.

Now, let´s look at “all”:

  • All the students passed the Cambridge Advanced exam (todos los estudiantes…)
  • All of you should pass the First Certificate exam (todos de ustedes deberian…)
  • All of the bread on the table was made in Tenerife (bread is not countable, so it takes the third person singular).

So the differences should be clear. “Every = cada uno/todos individualmente, and “every”= todos globalmente. Here are two more examples:

  • Every house (cada casa) in the street is pink.
  • All the houses (todas las casas) in the street are pink. Note the plural verb “are”.

Note the verb differences: every…is… and all…are… (unless the subject is uncountable).

The same rule (third person verb) applies to “everybody, everything, everyday and everyone”. Look at these examples:

  • Everyday life (la vida diaria…) in Tenerife is a struggle.
  • Everybody in the room is learning English.
  • Everything in Mr. Clavijo’s office is expensive.
  • Everyone (or everybody) who eats sugar is putting his health at risk.

“All” has other uses. This will be covered in the next article.


Últimas publicaciones

Publicaciones relacionadas

Part of the Harrogate International Group

HIA Logos-05
Abrir chat
Escanea el código
Hola 👋
¿En qué podemos ayudarte?